Professional training for members of the judiciary, lawyers and students

I provide advice and training to Ministries of Justice, judicial organizations and lawyers (and organisations that prefer to remain confidential) in relation to electronic evidence.


One-day course on electronic evidence and electronic signatures (for the Information Technology Law Society, Leicester University, 18 November 2015)

One-day course on electronic evidence and electronic signatures (Sherrard Room, Middle Temple Library, 15 September 2015)


Electronic signatures and electronic identity management at the UNCITRAL Colloquium on Identity Management and Trust Services (Vienna, 21 – 22 April 2016)


‘Digital evidence: an introduction’, a one-day seminar for judges of the Supreme Court of Cassation and Appellate Court of Sofia at the National Institute of Justice (Sophia, 25 February 2014), part of the training programme for the training of judges in the context of full membership of the European Union


‘Digital forensic tools and how judges might consider their reliability’ and ‘Presentation of a criminal case and some challenges of electronic evidence’, Academy of European Law and the Judicial Academy (Zagreb, 7 – 8 March 2017)


One-day course on electronic evidence for members of the bar and judiciary (Nicosia, 2007)

Czech Republic

‘The life cycle of e-evidence: the challenges posed by cloud computing’, Academy of European Law and Educational institution in Kroměříž (Prague, 10-11 April 2018)

‘The validity and admissibility of electronic evidence in cybercrime cases’, Academy of European Law and Česká advokátní komora (Prague, 5-6 June 2014)

England and Wales

‘Seizure, authenticity, proof of intent and evidence in court’ (Academy of European Law and Centre for Commercial Studies, Queen Mary, University of London, Lincoln’s Inn Fields, 8-9 June 2017)

Electronic evidence and electronic signatures: the hinterland at the gallop’ (Sherrard Room, Middle Temple Library, 8 September 2015)

‘Cybercrime: Developing the Legal Framework in Europe’, Academy of European Law (Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London, 11-12 November 2010)

Training film on electronic signatures, for the Judicial Studies Board web site and distributed as a web cast (2006-2007)


Speaker and mentor at the Cyber Security Summer School 2016 ‘Digital Forensics — Technology and Law’, 3 – 8 July 2016, Tallinn (Organised by Information Technology Foundation for Education in collaboration with Tallinn University of Technology, University of Tartu and the University of Adelaide and supported by the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research)

European Judicial Training Network

‘Investigation, Prosecution and Judgment of Information Technology Crime: Legal framework and criminal policy in the European Union’ for judges and public prosecutors (Hôtel Jean de Bohême, Durbuy, Belgium, 25 November 2008-28 November 2008)


Continuing professional development conference for European judges ‘Cybercriminalité en Europe’ (Ecole Nationale de la Magistrature, Paris, 2007)


Basic Training Course on Legal and Technical Aspects of Cybercrime for Judges and Prosecutors (ERA Conference Centre, Trier, 15-16 November 2012)

The life cycle of e-evidence: handling e-evidence in cases involving child sex abuse material, Trier, 19-20 February 2018


The life cycle of e-evidence: handling e-evidence in online fraud cases, Academy of European Law and the Athens Bar Association (Athens, 7-8 November 2017)


Lecture on digital evidence and electronic signatures to lawyers and judges of the high court in Pune (India, 2008)

International Criminal Court

‘Electronic evidence: selected observations,’ ICC Prosecution Division: Training on scientific evidence and its presentation in Court (Haagse Veste, Room H4098, The Hague, 25 November 2015)

The Salzburg Workshop on Cyber Investigations, organised by the Human Rights Center, Berkeley Law School, University of California, Berkeley (Scholss Leopoldskron, Salzburg, Austria, 23-25 October 2013)


Specialised seminar ‘Challenges in obtaining and relying on electronic evidence and issues of admissibility in court’, Academy of European Law (Grand Hotel Villa Torretta, Milan, 21-22 November 2013)


‘The use and presentation of digital forensic materials as evidence in court’ and ‘Electronic banking – negligence, fraud and theft: the legal response’, Academy of European Law (Latvijas Tiesnešu mācību centrs, Riga, 2-3 June 2015)


Basic training course on the legal and technical aspects of cybercrime and e-evidence, Academy of European Law in cooperation with the Polish Bar Foundation (Miêdzynarodowe Centrum Kultury, Kraków, 11 June 2016)


‘Towards a global law of electronic evidence?’, Faculdade de Direito, Universidade de Lisboa (Lisbon, 4 March 2016)

‘An introduction to electronic evidence’, Instituto Politécnico de Leiria (Leiria, 1 March 2016)

‘The challenge of dealing with electronic evidence in criminal proceedings’ and ‘Collection, evaluation and admissibility of electronic evidence’ (the second with Goran Oparnica, Managing Director of INsig2), Academy of European Law (Centro de Estudos Judiciários, Lisbon, 29 February – 1 March 2016)

‘The use of electronic evidence in court’, and ‘Electronic banking and how courts approach the burden of proof’, Academy of European Law (Centro de Estudos Judiciários, Lisbon, 12-13 March 2015)


‘Relying on electronic evidence in criminal cases’, Academy of European Law (Institutului National al Magistraturii, Bucharest, 12-13 November 2015)

Workshop 4 ‘Electronic evidence and its admissibility in criminal court’ and Workshop 10 ‘Investigative tools used in the on-line environment; expedited preservation of data and data retention; interception of telecommunications and computer data’ as part of a two-day seminar entitled ‘Human rights and transnational gathering of evidence’, included in the framework of the Criminal Justice 2011 project of the European Commission, entitled: EU seminar for legal practitioners on human rights and transnational gathering of evidence: Developing a European Judicial Culture (Rin Grand Hotel, Bucharest, Romania, 28-29 November 2013)


‘Artificial Intelligence: Oh, really? And why judges and lawyers are central to the way we live now’ Scottish Society for Computers and Law Group (Thursday 23 March 2017, Edinburgh)


‘Electronic evidence and computer forensics in criminal cases: an introduction’ and ‘Dealing with electronic evidence in criminal proceedings: an overview’, Academy of European Law and Centro de Estudios Jurídicos (Madrid, 23-24 May 2017)

‘Seizure, investigation, proof of intent and evidence in court’, Academy of European Law and the Colegio de la Abogacía de Barcelona (ICAB, Training Centre, Barcelona, 24-25 October 2016)

Introductory Seminar ‘An introduction to electronic evidence in criminal proceedings: collection, analysis and presentation of electronic evidence in court’, Academy of European Law (Real Alcázar de Sevilla, Seville, 6-7 June 2013)

‘E-evidence: Validity and Admissibility of Electronic Evidence in Criminal Proceedings’ (Escuela Judicial de España, Barcelona, 26-27 May 2011)

Tanzania: World Bank

‘The Role of Information and Communication Technology in the Administration of Commercial Justice’, a pan-African judges conference organised by the High Court Commercial Division of Tanzania (Ngurdoto Mountain Lodge Hotel, Arusha, September 2007)


Lecture to the President and members of the Central Intellectual Property and International Trade Court on electronic evidence (Bangkok, 2006)


Pacific Region Cybercrime Criminal Justice Training, organized by the Commonwealth Secretariat, European Union and Council of Europe (Nuku’ Alofa, Tonga, 24-26 February 2016)


One-day workshop ‘Our digital world in legal context’ (Istanbul, 8 May 2015)

One-day ‘Workshop on Electronic Evidence’ Turkish Bar Associations (Ankara, 28 January 2012)


‘An introduction to electronic (digital) evidence’ on behalf of the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative (Kyiv, 16 May 2015)

United Arab Emirates

Emirate of Dubai

Speaking at a workshop run by the Public Prosecution under the chair of Counselor Khalifa Rashid bin Demas, which formed part of the programme ‘Legal Enlightenment 2015’, the workshop dealt with ‘IT crimes, challenges and solutions’ (4 November 2015)

Emirate of Abu Dhabi

Two workshops for judges and prosecutors upon the request of Counselor Abdul Rahmnan M. Al Baloushi, Director of International Cooperation Administration, Ministry of Justice; ‘Cyber crime’ (2-3 June 2010) and ‘Electronic evidence’ (10-11 May 2009)


I have provided a number of courses for CPD for the CPD Channel and given lectures to or on behalf of:

Ahmedabad Management Association, India

Bar of Barbados

British Standards Institute

Cambridge Europe & Technology Club

Central Law Training

CIPFA Better Governance Forum

College of Law

Cranfield School of Management

Henley Management College

Institute of Advanced Legal Studies

Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators

International Association of Young Lawyers

ILS Law College, Pune, India

Local Government Group Law Society

Singapore Academy of Law

Scottish Society for Computers and Law

Society for Computers and Law