International Electronic Evidence
International Electronic Evidence

(British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2008), edited by Stephen Mason

This text provides guidance on digital evidence across the 35 jurisdictions listed below, covering (i) the substantive law of evidence, covering the types of evidence, admissibility of evidence, weight, proof, electronic signatures, presumptions and inferences; (ii) civil proceedings, pre-trial, urgent search and seizure orders, preservation of evidence, rules on disclosure, confidentiality and privilege; (iii) criminal proceedings, pre-trial, powers of search and seizure, the obligations of both prosecution and defence respecting the disclosure of evidence before trial, including the consequences of non-disclosure, human rights issues in relation to the gathering of evidence, the trial and how a defendant may challenge the authenticity of digital evidence.

‘Introduction’ Stephen Mason

‘Admissibility of electronic evidence in court: A European project’ Dr Fredesvinda Insa and Ms Carmen Lázaro

‘Argentina’ Dr Mercedes Rivolta and Dr Pablo Fraga

‘Austria’ Dr. Wolfgang Freund, Dr. Erich Schweighofer and Lothar Farthofer

‘Belgium’ Joachim Meese and Johan Vandendriessche

‘Bulgaria’ George Dimitrov and Ms Desislava Krusteva

‘Croatia’ Dr. Berislav Paviši and Dr. Eduard Kunštek

‘Cyprus’ Olga Georgiades

‘Czech Republic’ Dr. Ján Matejka and Mgr. Petr Kuhn

‘Denmark’ Eva Smith

‘Egypt’ His Honour Ehab Maher Elsonbaty

‘Estonia’ Jaan Ginter

‘Finland’ Jan Ollila and Ms Eva Storskrubb

‘France’ David Benichou, judge and Ariane Zimra

‘Germany’ Alexander Duisberg and Henriette Picot

‘Greece’ Michael Rachavelias and Thanos Petsos

‘Hungary’ Dr. Gusztáv Bacher, Dr. Zsófia Bodnár, Dr. Dóra Boytha, Dr. Gábor Faludi, Dr. Anikó Keller and Lívia Kolter

‘Iceland’ Hörõur Felix Harõarson and Gunnar Þór Þórarinsson

‘Italy’ Avv. Luigi Martin and Avv. Cristina Pavarani

‘Japan’ Hironao Kaneko and Hideo Ogura

‘Latvia’ Mrs Ilze Znotina and Agris Repss

‘Lithuania’ Vaida Vozgirdaite and Stasys Drazdauskas

‘Luxembourg’ Guy Arendt and Vèronique Hoffeld

‘Malta’ Patrick J. Galea

‘Mexico’ Luis Omar Guerrero Rodríguez and Cèsar Martínez Alemán

‘Netherlands’ Dr. Simone van der Hof, Rèno Pijnen and Simone Fennell-van Esch

‘Norway’ Harald Hjort and Svein Y. Willassen

‘Poland’ Arkadiusz Lach

‘Portugal’ David Salgado Areias, Manuel Braga Monteiro and Siv Lindqvist de Sousa

‘Romania’ Dana Irina Cojocarasu and Oana Irina Ignat

‘Russia’ Olga I. Kudryavtseva

‘Slovakia’ Daniela Gregusova, Miroslav Chlipala, Ingrid Mencerova and Boris Susko

‘Slovenia’ Klara Miletic and Ana Burgar

‘Spain’ Julio Pèrez Gil

‘Sweden’ Jim Runsten and Peter Eriksson

‘Switzerland’ Marc Schwitter

‘Thailand’ Ms Noppramart Thammateeradaycho and Ms Sally Wrapson

‘Turkey’ Ali Osman Özdilek and Özgür Eralp